Archives For October 2013

Perfunctory

October 30, 2013 — Leave a comment

Word: Perfunctory [ Per-fungk-tory]

Part of Speech: Adjective

Definition: Done routinely with little interest or care; Acting with indifference; showing little interest or care.

Origin: Late 16th Century from Latin perfungi- to get through with

Example Sentence: The violinist delivered a perfunctory performance that displayed none of the passion and warmth he was once known for.

Derivatives: Perfunctorily (adverb), Perfunctoriness (noun)

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Deferential: 저는 피아노를 잘 칩니다.

Polite: 저는 (or 전) 피아노를 잘 쳐요.

Intimate: 나는 (or 난) 피아노 잘 쳐.

Translation: I play the piano well.

저 = formal “I”

나 = informal “I”

는 = topic marking particle

피아노 = piano

을/를 = object marking particle

잘 = well

치디 = to hit, to play by hitting (such as sports)

ㅂ니다  = deferential verb ending

요 = polite verb ending

Deferential: 저는 여권을 갱신해야 합니다.

Polite: 저는 여권을 갱신해야해요.

Intimate: 난 여권 갱신해야해. 

Translation: I need to renew my passport.

저 = formal “I”

는 = topic marking particle

여권 = passport

을 = object marking particle

갱신하다 = act of renewing (갱신 – renewal + 하다 – to do)

야하다 = have to or must do something

니다 = deferential verb ending

재산은 인생의 곤경에서 사람의 마음을 안심시켜 주기 위해 있는 것이지만, 인생은 재산을 모으기 위한 목적으로 있는 것이 아니다. (Riches are intended for the comfort of life, and not life for the purpose of hoarding riches.)

한국 속담, Korean Proverb

God is no fonder of intellectual slackers than He is of any other slacker.

C.S. Lewis

Alive without breath,
As cold as death;
Never thirsty, ever drinking,
All in mail never clinking.

J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit