Deferential: 저는 지난 3년간 서울에서 살았습니다.

Polite: 저는 지난 3년간 서울에서 살았어요.

Translation: I’ve been living in Seoul for 3 years. 

저 = I (you can also use the contraction 전 = 저는)

-는 = topic marking particle

지난 = last

년간 = years

서울 = Seoul

-에서 = location marking particle used for places where actions are taking place (in this case the act of living)

살다  = to live, be alive

았 = past tense verb ending (either 았 or 었)

습니다 = deferential verb ending

요 = polite verb ending

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